The term dropout refers to a student in school who fails to complete the full course of curriculum and instruction for a degree or diploma; it covers the full spectrum of students who stop attending classes at some point between enrolling in school and their planned graduation. The reasons and process of students dropping out and how schools can help students persist to completion have become a focus of education institutions globally, especially for K–12 schooling and the completion of a high school diploma. Reducing dropout rates is important because studies have shown that students who drop out of school are more likely to experience negative overall life outcomes, such as lower rates of employment and pay, less job security, poorer health, and higher rates ...

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