Bloom’s Taxonomy

Bloom’s taxonomy is a multitiered model of classifying expected or intended educational learning objectives according to cognitive levels of complexity and mastery. Initially developed during the 1950s and later named after the American educational psychologist Benjamin S. Bloom, the model is concerned with the cognitive or thinking domain of learning. This entry describes both the original Bloom’s taxonomy and the revised version, which also classifies learning objectives by the types of knowledge used in thinking. The entry discusses specific changes made in terminology, structure, and emphasis in the revised version of the taxonomy and discusses the practical application of the taxonomy to the educational setting.

Bloom sought to provide a logical, progressive model that identified and classified all cognitive educational outcomes from simple to complex. Recognized ...

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