Student self-assessment (SA) is a type of assessment in which learners evaluate their own performance or knowledge based on some criteria. Unlike other types of assessment, which are usually conducted by external agents such as teachers, administrators, or assessment developers, SA, being based on learners’ judgments, has been considered a self-directed activity. SA has gained popularity because it is aligned well with modern educational approaches such as learner-centered, self-regulated, and autonomous learning. SA has been used for both formative and summative purposes and has taken a variety of forms. In practice, SA can be embedded in other assessments, such as portfolios, and can even be used as a replacement for externally measured assessments. Numerous can-do descriptors, which are a kind of SA, have been developed ...
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