IBM SPSS Statistics is a statistical software package commonly used for statistical analysis in the social sciences. It eliminates time-consuming data preparation tasks and provides predictive and comparative data insights via a menu-driven (and syntax-driven), user-friendly interface. The program is not only ubiquitous in academic settings, such as on education and social science campuses, but also widely used in various other sectors such as biology, economics, and business. After presenting the history of this product, this entry reviews various features and uses of SPSS.


SPSS can be traced back to 1967 when, according to the Chicago Tribune, Stanford University PhD candidate Norman Nie became “frustrated trying to use a computer to analyze data.” After Nie took detailed technical notes to fellow academics Dale Bent (an expert ...

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