Spearman Correlation Coefficient

The Spearman correlation coefficient is a nonparametric, correlation statistic that measures the strength of association between two rank-ordered variables. The Spearman rho is symbolized by the Greek letter, rho (ρ). The ρ was developed to measure the strength of association between two ordinal variables, although it can also be used with interval and ratio variables. The ρ is a robust statistic and works well with ordinal variables that have either a small number or a large number of levels and is often used with interval/ratio variables that do not meet the normal distribution assumption of parametric statistics.

Significance statistics for which ρ is often used include the Mann-Whitney U test, and the Kruskal-Wallis H statistic. It is not used with variables measured at the nominal ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles