The SAT is a standardized test that is widely used for college and university admissions in the United States. Created by the College Board, the SAT is intended to assess a student’s readiness for college, and in theory, it furnishes colleges and universities with a common criterion for comparing applicants. Since its debut in 1926, the name and the scoring of the SAT have changed multiple times; it was called the Scholastic Aptitude Test and then the Scholastic Assessment Test before becoming simply the SAT. This entry first discusses the structure and scoring of the SAT. It then looks at research on how well the SAT predicts college success, which constructs predict how well students will perform on the SAT, and gaps in performance on ...

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