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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Edited by: Published: 2018
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental organization that has grown to play a major role in global education policy research and development. This entry provides an overview of the organization, charts OECD’s work in education, reviews two signature programs, and surveys a range of broader initiatives.

The OECD was established in 1961, with foundations formed during the rebuilding of Europe in the decade following World War II. Headquartered in Paris, France, the OECD is a club of mostly rich countries that are democracies with market economies. The 35 members are mostly from Europe, North and South America, and East Asia. A large number of nonmember countries are in accession talks and participate in OECD activities. The OECD Council governs a secretariat, ...

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