Multitrait–Multimethod Matrix

The term multitrait–multimethod matrix refers to a practical approach to evaluate construct validity evidence of an intended measure based on relations among a set of measures. This entry first introduces a brief history of the multitrait–multimethod matrix and describes the purpose of the approach. It then describes how the various elements in the matrix support the construct validity of the intended measure. The entry provides an example of multitrait–multimethod matrix in achievement testing and concludes with pros and cons of this approach.

Brief History and Introduction

The multitrait–multimethod matrix was established in 1959 by Donald T. Campbell from the Graduate School of Northwestern University and Donald W. Fiske from the Department of Psychology at the University of Chicago. A multitrait–multimethod matrix is used for validation, the process ...

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