Intelligence testing is the complex process of measuring an individual’s ability to understand ideas and words, think in abstract terms, solve problems using different forms of reasoning, learn from feedback and experience, and process information in different modalities, such as visually or aurally. The intelligence quotient (IQ) is usually the result of this assessment process. Intelligence testing is also known as intellectual or cognitive assessment or IQ testing, with these terms being used interchangeably. This entry first describes intelligence and theories of intelligence before giving a brief history of intelligence testing in the United States. It then looks at why intelligence testing is used; psychometric issues related to measurement of intelligence; intelligence testing across the life span; strengths and weaknesses of, and misconceptions about, intelligence ...
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