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Foundational reviews of literature are summaries of current and historical research on a topic. These reviews are considered foundational because they cover original literature all the way through current literature in a specific area of inquiry. The reviewed literature comes in a variety of forms including empirical and theoretical, but it must in some way anchor an area of research. Unlike traditional literature reviews, foundational reviews are not constrained by time, disciplines, or methodologies. Foundational reviews of literature extend to nonacademic sources in addition to academic ones. Traditional literature reviews frequently reference literature from other disciplines, but they tend to focus on literature from a single discipline and single methodology. Traditional reviews also tend to focus on recent research. By contrast, foundational reviews ...

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