Field experiments are studies using experimental design that occur in a natural setting. Researchers examine how the manipulation of at least one independent variable leads to a change in a dependent variable in the context of the natural environment. When researchers conduct experiments, they study how the manipulation of independent variables, or variables that remain constant, cause a change in a dependent variable, or a factor that changes. The influence of the independent variable leading to a change in the dependent variable is known as causality. Experiments conducted in a laboratory setting use the laboratory as an environment because researchers have more control over how they manipulate or influence independent variables. However, the laboratory setting always differs from the reality that exists in ...
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