In the scientific paradigm, quantitative research involves the systematic investigation of observable phenomena in order to explain and predict behaviors, often with the goal to identify patterns of behavior. Research in the quantitative paradigm assumes the existence of one single reality and that researchers can conduct objective, value-neutral research within this worldview. Precise measurement is important in this paradigm because it connects scientific observation to the explanation of differences between or relationships among variables. The data that comes from quantitative research are numerical in form and often take the form of explaining the frequency, degree, value, and/or intensity of a variable.[Page 1381] This entry identifies and explains the steps in conducting research within the quantitative paradigm, which include theory, hypothesis, research design, measures, ...
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