Traditional urban planning methods have witnessed a top-down approach, with limited or no grass-roots-level involvement. For developing countries, where cities tend to expand in an organic manner, the traditional approach has proved to be rigid, and its result has been adverse, reflecting little understanding of local-level issues. Community involvement is an effective tool that ensures the ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles