The ladder of inference is a key tool of Action Science—one approach to action research. The ladder is a model of our reasoning steps as we assess a situation and decide what action to take (Figure 1). This entry describes the features of the ladder and how it can be used to help people reflect on their ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles