Skip to main content


Edited by: Published: 2010
+- LessMore information
Download PDF

Correlation is a synonym for association. Within the framework of statistics, the term correlation refers to a group of indices that are employed to describe the magnitude and nature of a relationship between two or more variables. As a measure of correlation, which is commonly referred to as a correlation coefficient, is descriptive in nature, it cannot be employed to draw conclusions with regard to a cause–effect relationship between the variables in question. To infer cause and effect, it is necessary to conduct a controlled experiment involving an experimenter-manipulated independent variable in which subjects are randomly assigned to experimental conditions. Typically, data for which a correlation coefficient is computed are also evaluated with regression analysis. The latter is a methodology for deriving an equation that ...

Looks like you do not have access to this content.

Reader's Guide

  • All
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • J
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • N
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
  • U
  • V
  • W
  • X
  • Y
  • Z

      Copy and paste the following HTML into your website