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In research, protocol refers to the written procedures or guidelines that provide the blueprint for the research study, as well as good and ethical practices that should be observed when conducting research, such as good etiquette when dealing with participants, adherence to ethical principles and guidelines to protect participants, compliance with institutional review board requirements, not engaging in academic dishonesty, and so on. Good protocol is a critical component of high-quality research. A well-written research protocol is particularly important for obtaining institutional review board clearance for the research, as well as for seeking funding opportunities. In addition, the written research protocol serves as a manual to guide the entire research effort, and it can also be used as a monitoring and evaluation tool to monitor ...

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