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A program research plan, or proposal, is a comprehensive description of a potential study that is intended to examine a phenomenon in question. The main purpose of research is the increase of knowledge, either in a specific disciplinary field or in the practice of a professional field. Research is usually associated with a planned, systematic investigation that produces facts and ideas that contribute to human thought, reflection, and action. Because there is no single way in which to approach research, an inquirer must weigh many factors in designing a program research plan.

Throughout the centuries, basic research structures have developed as models for each subsequent generation of knowledge-seekers. One who chooses to research a particular concept or phenomenon within one's field may look to the historic ...

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