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  • 00:00

    [MUSIC PLAYING][How to Write a Research Paper]

  • 00:11

    STEPHEN WATERS: My name is Steve Waters,and I'm a former teacher.[Stephen Waters, Founder & CEO, Teach Well Alliance]I am now a freelance teacher educator and trainteachers in secondary schools under fee.I'm also the founder and CEO of the Teach Well Alliance, whichsupports teachers with mental ill healthand helps schools to build well-beingcommunities of teachers, students, and parents.

  • 00:34

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: Everyone finds writing their research report difficult.Writing itself requires discipline, and it's hard work.In this tutorial, we will look at key point one,getting started and keeping going;key point two, structuring your report; key point three,

  • 00:55

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: proofreading.[Getting Started & Keeping Going]Key point one.My key to getting started and keeping goingis to set a goal of a number of wordsto write each day to meet a deadline, whichyou set your first draft.Even if you think your writing is not very good,

  • 01:16

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: and you think you are writing nonsense,and first drafts are never as good as the final version,keep going to reach your goal.Don't stop to redraft or make corrections.You can do this once you've reached your overall wordcount.Dividing your writing into the sections of your final reportusing subheadings and setting a word count for each section

  • 01:39

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: will help you to hit your daily target.So let's look at how your report should be structured.[Structuring Your Report]Key point two.The structure of your report mightbe set by the organization which youare writing your research for.If it isn't, depending on the length of the report,

  • 02:00

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: consider including the following sections.Title page, including the title of your study, your name,and the date.Acknowledgments thanking the peoplewho have participated in your research and anyone whohas helped you to conduct it.Contents page.You can't insert page numbers until you have

  • 02:22

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: produced your final version.The abstract.This is a summary of the purpose of the report,the methods used to collect the data,and what the data told you about the subject of your research.The abstract is usually around 100 to 150 wordsand ends with the implications of the research and suggestions

  • 02:44

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: about further research in the area.The next section describes the aims and purposeof the research.After the aims of the research comesa review of the literature.The section after the review of the literaturedescribes the methods you used to collect the data.And this is followed by a summary of what you found

  • 03:04

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: and the results of your research.The results section leads into a discussion of the resultsand the implications of what your research told youabout the topic you identified.The results section often starts with a restatementof the question the research set out to answer.Finally, your report concludes with a list of references

  • 03:27

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: you've included in the report.The most frequently used method of setting out referencesis the Harvard system, which follows a specific order.Surname of author, initial of author, the date in brackets,the title of the book in italics,the place of publication, and the publisher.

  • 03:48

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: [Proof Reading]Key point three.The final task in writing your reportis to check that what you've written makes senseand that the conclusions you have drawncan be reached from your findings.You should then check your report for spelling, grammar,and punctuation.

  • 04:09

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: Microsoft Word will pick up most errors, but it is not perfect.It is not capable of picking up homophones,for example, words that sound the same,but are spelled differently and havedifferent grammatical meanings.For example, the word here, H-E-R-E, meaning place,

  • 04:29

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: and hear, H-E-A-R, referring to sound, are spelled differently,but Word will not be able to distinguish between them fromthe context.It is always best to leave at least a dayafter you complete your final draft before proofreading.If you are too close to your writing,it is more difficult to pick up errors.

  • 04:52

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: If you have someone who is prepared to proofyour report for you, so much the better.If you really have difficulty spotting your own mistakes,or are dyslexic, it may be worth payingfor a professional proofreader, especially if your reportis going to be assessed for a qualification,such as a Master's or a PhD.

  • 05:13

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: [Conclusion]So we have covered how to begin writing and setgoals to hit your completion deadline,how to structure your report and proofread it.No one said writing was easy, but Ihope that this tutorial has been helpful in completingthe final stage of your research.

  • 05:34

    STEPHEN WATERS [continued]: Take a look at the reference for the bookI coauthored, Doing Your Research Project.[Further Reading, Bell & Waters (2018).Doing your research project; A guide for first timeresearchers (7th ed).]

Video Info

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd

Publication Year: 2018

Video Type:Tutorial

Methods: Research report, Writing research

Keywords: abstracts (publications); information sources; proofreading; reference materials; reports (publications); writing (composition); writing attitudes ... Show More

Segment Info

Segment Num.: 1

Persons Discussed:

Events Discussed:



Steve Waters reviews the writing process for a research publication.

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How to Write a Research Report

Steve Waters reviews the writing process for a research publication.

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