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  • 00:17

    There are a number of considerationsin research design process about the sampleethical considerations, et cetera.One of the big decisions interview researchers makeis about the level of structure.So, in other words, to what extent,will the interview questions, sub questions, follow-upquestions, be articulated in advance?

  • 00:40

    And, to what extent, will they beexpected to emerge from the interaction of the interview?And there are deep epistemological andphilosophical reasons why researcherschoose one style or another.But for researchers using technology,there are additional things to think about.

  • 01:00

    Let me give you an example.If I am conducting an interview using a text-based technology,either using a mobile device, instant messaging,or texting in a virtual environment,then I might want to think through my questions in advancevery carefully and break the questions into smallerquestions because I don't want the interviewee to getbogged down trying to type long responses.

  • 01:31

    I want to keep that flow back and forth of give and take.On the other hand, if I'm using a technology,like video conference or meeting space where we'reusing audio and perhaps even a webcam,then a more unstructured approachmight work well because the technology allows for morenatural kind of a conversation.

  • 01:59

    But, then, I would need to make some decisionsabout how I want to present myself as a researcher.Do I want to be on camera?Do I want the research participantto see me either making an introductionor throughout the entire interview?If I'm going to be on camera throughout the entireinterview, then, again, I would needto be somewhat prepared because Idon't want to be looking down or looking away from the cameraand kind of breaking the connection with the researchparticipants.

  • 02:31

    So the decisions about the level of structure in the interview,while rooted in the methodology, have other implicationswhen you're thinking about the design for an online interview.

Video Info

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Publication Year: 2011

Video Type:Interview

Methods: Online interviews, Research design

Keywords: conversation; epistemology; instant messaging; internet; meeting rooms; meetings (communication); technology; text messaging; video conferencing; webcams ... Show More

Segment Info

Segment Num.: 1

Persons Discussed:

Events Discussed:

Keywords:

Abstract

Professor Janet Salmons discusses interviewing styles for researchers. She pays particular attention to what approaches to use when constrained by various technologies.

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How should a real time online interview be incorporated into a research design?

Professor Janet Salmons discusses interviewing styles for researchers. She pays particular attention to what approaches to use when constrained by various technologies.