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  • 00:09

    LYNN NYGAARD: My name is Lynn Nygaard.For the last 30 years, I've been workingwith academics in a lot of different fieldsand a lot of different disciplines,working on getting an idea from their heads onto paperand to submitting.Right now, I'm based at the Peace Research Institute, Oslo,where I help writers in a lot of different ways.I help them with basic motivation,by arranging retreats, intensive writing days, writing courses.

  • 00:32

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: I give them direct feedback on their workand I also give them more general adviceon how to publish and how to think of themselves as writers.Here are some things that will help you get startedand also keep going.The first thing to think about isto know yourself as a writer.What kind of writer are you?

  • 00:53

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: Are you someone who needs to have an outline to get started?Or are you someone who needs to just free right and get wordson paper and find out what you'regonna talk about through that?The second thing that you need to dois to start earlier than planned.Almost everybody waits too long.If you wait until you're sure you know what you'regoing to say, you're going to be quite disappointed,because as soon as you start writing,

  • 01:14

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: it's going to change anyway.So it helps to start early and get those ideas on paperand develop them as you're writing.The third thing that you need to do is to make a scheduleand stick with it.There are two kinds of writing schedules that you can have.One is what we call binge writing, whereyou spend a lot of time writing, maybe two or three

  • 01:34

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: days focusing on doing what you are doing,many, many hours each day.And that's a really good way to start a project,because you become immersed in the idea.You understand the literature.You get into a rhythm.But it's not very sustainable.To be sustainable, you need to havewhat we call snack writing, to write a little bit every dayor at least every other day.

  • 01:56

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: A good rule of thumb is an hour a day of writing.It doesn't sound like very much.But it's probably a lot more than whatyou're doing right now.And it certainly adds up over the course of weeks and months.The fourth thing that helps you to get started and keep goingis to realize you can start anywhere.There's no reason why you have to startwith the very first sentence and go onto the second

  • 02:16

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: and then on to the third.You can start anywhere in your paper.Many people start writing their method section,for example, because that's the sectionthat they know the best.And then, they move on to describing their analysis.And then, maybe they write the introduction last.It doesn't matter.You just start somewhere and start getting words on paper.The fifth thing is to not get in your own way.

  • 02:36

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: A lot of people ruin whatever creative flowthey have by stopping before they'veused up that creative flow and interrupting themselves.For example, they might be writing down somethingand have an idea and half halfway through the idea,they stop and think, oh, I need to get a reference on this.So they stop writing and they get upand they try to find the referenceand then they've forgotten why they needed the referenceand they've forgotten what it was they were going to say.

  • 02:58

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: So if you first are in flow, if you firststart having those ideas, make sureyou just get them all on paper, before you thengo back and start fixing them.Writing is a two-part process.Part of it is very, very creative,where you're just trying to figure outwhat it is you want to say.And part of it is quite critical,where you structure and make it for somebody else.And it's almost impossible to do those things at once,

  • 03:18

    LYNN NYGAARD [continued]: at the same time.

Video Info

Series Name: Academic Writing

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd

Publication Year: 2015

Video Type:Tutorial

Methods: Communicating and disseminating research

Keywords: practices, strategies, and tools

Segment Info

Segment Num.: 1

Persons Discussed:

Events Discussed:



Lynn Nygaard explains how to start the writing process and offers tips for continuing the process.

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Academic Writing: How to Get Started and Keep Going

Lynn Nygaard explains how to start the writing process and offers tips for continuing the process.

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