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Schutz, Alfred

FOUNDATION
By: Michael D. Barber | Edited by: Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont, Alexandru Cernat, Joseph W. Sakshaug & Richard A. Williams Published: 2020 | Length: 5 | DOI: |
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Alfred Schutz (1899–1959) thought that the social sciences required a different methodology than that of the natural sciences, though he also agreed that social scientific claims depended on evidence, controlled inference, and verification, as do the natural sciences. He insisted on clarifying what everyday social reality was before deciding what methods would be appropriate to investigate it. To attain such clarification, he described that reality phenomenologically and illustrated how it called for ideal types to take account of the subjective meaning of actors, although statistical and other methods, which presuppose the activity of everyday actors, could also be used. In addition, his phenomenological account articulated categories for social scientists by which they might “construct the constructs” of everyday actors. He suggested various postulates that were ...

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