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Ethnoscience

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By: Wolff-Michael Roth | Edited by: Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont, Alexandru Cernat, Joseph W. Sakshaug & Richard A. Williams Published: 2019 | Length: 3 | DOI: |
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Ethnoscience, a term that originated in the 1960s, frequently is defined as the field of inquiry concerned with the identification of the conceptual schemata that indigenous peoples use to organize their experience of the environment. Ethnoscience comprises the subfields of ethnoarcheology, ethnoastronomy, ethnobotany, ethnolinguistics, ethnomedicine, ethnopedology, ethnopsychology, ethnopsychiatry, and ethnozoology, among others. A common interest to all of the early ethnoscientific studies was how particular cultures reduced the experiential chaos of their surrounding environment into conceptual schemes, whereby culture is understood as the sum of all folk classifications of a society (Sturtevant, 1964). These folk classifications constitute a people’s (Greek ethno-) science, its way of ordering its material, and social universe. At the same time, the term ethnoscience also is used as an alternative to ...

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