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Multiple Regression and the British Crime Survey (2007-2008): Worry About Crime and Confidence in the Police

Dataset
By: Nick Allum Published: 2015 | Product: SAGE Research Methods Datasets
Data Type: Survey
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Abstract

This dataset example introduces readers to multiple regression. This technique allows researchers to evaluate whether a continuous dependent variable is a linear function of two or more independent variables. The multiple linear regression model is most commonly estimated via ordinary least squares (OLS), and is sometimes called OLS regression.

This example describes multiple regression, discusses the assumptions underlying it, and shows how to estimate and interpret multiple regression models. We illustrate multiple regression using a subset of data from the 2007-8 British Crime Survey (Unrestricted Teaching Dataset). Specifically, we test whether attitudes to the police are related to worry about being the victim of property and personal crime. This is useful if we want to understand the bases of public trust in the police force.

Data Prerequisites: ...

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About This Dataset
Data Source Citation

University of Manchester. Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research. ESDS Government, British Crime Survey 2007–2008: Unrestricted Access Teaching Dataset [computer file]. Home Office. Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, BMRB. Social Research, [original data producer(s)]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor], November 2011. SN: 6891.

Full title of originating dataset

British Crime Survey 2007–2008: Unrestricted Access Teaching Dataset

Data author(s) and affiliations

University of Manchester. Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research. ESDS Government

First publication date

10 November 2011

Data Universe

National

Adults aged 16 and over in private households in England and Wales during 2007–2008.

Funding sources/suppliers

Economic and Social Research Council

Higher Education Funding Councils. Joint Information Systems Committee

Sample/sampling procedures

Multi-stage stratified random sample

Weighting

Weighting used. See documentation for details.

Data collection dates

April 2007–March 2008

Time frame of analysis

Cross-sectional (one-time) study

The BCS is an annual cross-sectional study, but this teaching dataset has been compiled using only data from the 2007-2008 survey.

Unit of analysis

Individual

Location covered by data

England and Wales

Other sources

The data are taken from the British Crime Survey, 2007-2008, which is available from the UK Data Archive under SN 6066.

Links to SRM content
List of variables

tcviolent

Respondent level of worry about being a victim of personal crime (high score = high level of worry)

tceffcjs

Respondent opinion of the effectiveness of the Criminal Justice System (high score = high opinion)

tcsteal

Respondent level of worry about being a victim of property crime (high score = high level of worry)

tcconfpol

Respondent level of confidence in the police in their neighbourhood (high score = high level of confidence)

Methods Map
Multiple regression