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Chapter 3 | PRA, PLA and Pluralism: Practice and Theory

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PRA, PLA and Pluralism: Practice and Theory
Robert Chambers

PRA (participatory rural appraisal) and the more inclusive PLA (participatory learning and action) are families of participatory practices which have evolved. During the 1990s and 2000s PRA/PLA spread and was applied in most countries in the world. The multifarious domains of application include natural resource management, agriculture, programmes for equity, empowerment, rights and security, community-level planning and action and participatory statistics. Related participatory methodologies which have co-evolved, shared and spread widely as movements include farmer participatory research, integrated pest management, ...

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