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Chapter 6 | Best Practices in Exploratory Factor Analysis

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Best Practices in Exploratory Factor Analysis
Jason W.Osborne
Anna B.Costello
J. ThomasKellow

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is rightly described as both an art and a science, where researchers follow a series of analytic steps involving judgments more reminiscent of qualitative inquiry, an interesting irony given the mathematical sophistication underlying EFA models.

EFA is a widely used and broadly applied statistical technique in the social sciences. When we surveyed a recent 2-year period in PsycINFO, we found more than 1,700 studies that used some form of EFA. The widespread nature of EFA is both gratifying and problematic. On one hand, it ...

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