The use of ethnography in educational research, measurement, and evaluation has become commonplace; yet, there is confusion over what ethnography means and what contribution it makes to educational research, measurement, and evaluation. The meaning of ethnography has evolved since its origin in the early 1900s. Anyone doing ethnography steps into a history of conversations about what the word means and what contribution it makes. This entry summarizes a few of the key conversations about what ethnography means as a way of defining ethnography and its contribution to educational research, measurement, and evaluation.
[Page 619]The word ethnography was originally located in the field of anthropology referring to the written product of an anthropological study of a people, community, or group (not to a ...
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