The term standard setting refers to the process of recommending or establishing cut scores on examinations. The cut scores are meant to differentiate examinees into two (e.g., pass/fail) or more groups (e.g., below basic, basic, proficient, and advanced). While the definition of standard setting may seem simple, the process is anything but. The process involves experts in the field, often referred to as subject matter experts (SMEs) [Page 1082]who participate in a standard setting panel that judges each item on the examination to collectively agree upon/recommend a cut score. There are several different standard setting models, with the modified Angoff standard setting procedure being the most commonly used in contemporary licensure and certification settings. This procedure was first briefly introduced by William Angoff in 1971, ...
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